EVT
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From EventEmitter to Evt

If you need to transition from EventEmitter to Evt without too much refactorying.

All events in a single bus

In EventEmitter you had a single instance for many event types. In EVT, on the other hand, the recommended approach is to have an EVT for every event type.
That said, it's possible to use EVT just like EventEmitter.
-const EventEmitter = require("events");
+import { Evt, to } from "evt";
​
-const eeBus = new EventEmitter();
+const evtBus = new Evt<
+ | ["connect", void]
+ | ["disconnect", { cause: "remote" | "local" } ]
+ | ["error", Error]
+>();
​
-eeBus.on("disconnect", ({ cause })=> /* ... */);
+evtBus.attach(to("disconnect", ({ cause })=> /* ... */);
​
-eeBus.emit("disconnect", { cause: "remote" });
+evtBus.post([ "disconnect", { cause: "remote" }):
​
-eeBus.once("error", error => /* ... */);
+evtBus.attachOnce(to("error"), error => /* ... */);
​
-eeBus.removeAllListeners();
+evtBus.detach();
​
-const count = eeBus.listenerCount("disconnect");
+const count = evtBus.getHandlers()
+ .filter(handler => handler.op === to("disconnect"))
+ .length;
​
-eeBus.removeAllListeners("disconnect");
+evtText.getHandlers()
+ .filter(handler => handler.op === to("disconnect"))
+ .forEach(({ detach })=> detach());
​
const callback = ()=> { /* ... */ };
​
-eeBus.removeListener("connect", callback);
+evtText.getHandlers()
+ .filter(handler => handler.callback === callback)
+ .forEach(({detach})=> detach());
​
In EVT you can use Ctx to detach many handlers at once. It's much more convenient than using the callback ref.
const ctx = Evt.newCtx();
​
evtText.attach(to("connect"), ctx, ()=> { /* ... */ });
evtText.attach(to("disconnect"), ctx, error => { /* ... */ });
​
// Detach all handlers that have been attached using the ctx.
ctx.done();

Extending/composing Evt

It is common practice to create classes that extends EventEmitter .
As a general rule of thumb, we tend to avoid inheritance in favor of composition but if you want to do it there is how.
import { Evt, to } from "evt";
​
class MySocket extends Evt<
| ["connect", void]
| ["disconnect", { cause: "remote" | "local" } ]
| ["error", Error]
> {
​
public readonly address: string;
​
constructor(
params: { 
address: string;
}
) {
​
super();
​
const { address } = params;
​
this.address = address;
​
setTimeout(
() => this.post(["connect", undefined]),
300
);
​
setTimeout(
() => this.post(["disconnect", { "cause": "local" }]),
2000
);
​
}
​
}
​
​
​
const socket = new MySocket({
"address": "wss://example.com"
});
​
(async ()=> {
​
await socket.waitFor(to("connect"));
​
console.log("Socket connected");
​
})();
​
socket.$attach(to("error"), error => { throw error });
​
socket.$attach(
data=> data[0] === "disconnect" ? [ data[1] ] : null, //Just so you know this is what the to() operator do
({ cause })=> console.log(`socket disconnect (${cause})`)
);
​Run the browser​
Now we encourage favoring composition over inheritance and having one EVT instance for each events type.
import { Evt } from "evt";
​
class MySocket {
​
public readonly address: string;
/*
We expose a NonPostableEvt copy of the Evt and not the Evt itself so we make
sure that the connect, disconnect and error events are not posted by the
user of the class and only internally.
*/
#evtConnect = Evt.create();
readonly evtConnect = Evt.asNonPostable(this.#evtConnect.pipe());
#evtDisconnect = Evt.create<{ cause: "local" | "remote" }>();
readonly evtDisconnect = Evt.asNonPostable(this.#evtDisconnect.pipe());
#evtError = Evt.create<Error>();
readonly evtError = Evt.asNonPostable(this.#evtError);
​
constructor(
params: { 
address: string;
}
) {
​
const { address } = params;
​
this.address = address;
​
​
setTimeout(
() => this.#evtConnect.post(),
300
);
​
setTimeout(
() => this.#evtDisconnect.post({ "cause": "local" }),
2000
);
​
}
​
}
​
const socket = new MySocket({
"address": "wss://example.com"
});
​
(async ()=> {
​
await socket.evtConnect.waitFor();
​
console.log("socket connected");
​
})();
​
socket.evtError.attach(error => { throw error });
​
socket.evtDisconnect.attach(
({ cause }) => console.log(`socket disconnect (${cause})`)
);
​Run in the browser​
Last modified 2mo ago